Sexual offend also known as Sexual Assault or Sexual Abuse, is considered as a major criminal offense throughout the United States. It is observed that in the majority cases of sexual abuse, the assaulter and victim know each other. Mostly the assaulter is either from the office, from the school, a friend or a family member. This leaves a very distressing long-term impact on the mental health of the victim. To eradicate sexual crimes and take proper measure to reduce the current ratio of sex crime, federal and state government are taking a more aggressive approach to deal with the sex offenders.
According to the federal sex offender laws, Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, has divided the sexual offenses into three different tiers:
- Tier 3: Tier 3 offenders are subjected to more than one year of imprisonment, and they have committed one of the following crime:
- Aggravated sexual abuse
- Sexual abuse of a minor
- Kidnapping a minor
- Tier 2: Tier 2 offenders are subjected to more one year of imprisonment, and they have committed one of the following crime:
- Human trafficking for any sexual offense
- Solicitation of a minor
- Child pornography
- Tier 1: Rest of the Sex crime offenders are categorized in tier 1.
State Sex offender Laws
A sexual offense is considered as a major criminal offense in all the regions throughout United State. Every State has slight different penalties, and terminologies related to the sexual offense, however, all the sex offenders are prosecuted strictly. The federal government has designed basic legislation for all the states to follow and take proactive measure in eradicating sex crime from their region.
Sex offender registry
During the year 2005, a major sexual offense followed by the murder of a 22 years old women took place. The young women were abducted, sexually abused and later she was brutally murdered. In her honor, the 2005’s National Sex Offender Public Registry was renamed to Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006. The Registry is open to the public, including parents, employers and other state authorities. The open registry would allow the citizen and law enforcement authorities to keep a record of all the sex offenders once they are back after serving their penalty. The online portal not only keeps the record of the sex offenders, it even guides the local citizens that how they should protect themselves and their young children from becoming one of the victims to the sex offenders.
The registry allows the citizen to look for the sex offenders through:
- Their names
- Their residential address ( if applicable)
- Zip Code
- County ( if applicable)
- City or town ( If applicable)
The aim of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act is to fill in the gaps of the current sex crime-related legislation and strengthen the judicial system against sexual offenses. Under the federal and state sex offender laws, the registration of a sex offender is mandatory. This system is designed to monitor sex offenders. Therefore if any sex offender intentionally failed to register for the sex offender registry, he / she has again committed a criminal offense.